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Energy plant encyclopedia

Energy Plants Knowledgebase

Care and Plat Protection of Miscanthus / Chinese Grass

In the first year, the weed control, along with the quality and freshness of rhizomes, is the critical factor for the success of planting. After the second year, about 30% of the full potential output can be harvested. In the third year, the first full harvest is available, and, starting from this date, the small […]

Chinese Grass Lodging (Falling / Breaking)

This happens if snow falls too early, i.e. when leaves have not been fallen yet. In plants that are still young, the stalks can rise again after thaw, but in older plants, the stalks break at about 40−50 cm above the ground. In strongly lodging stalks, leaves cannot fall anymore. During chopping, a significant amount […]

Chopped Wood Marketing

Own needs (independence, self provision) or deliveries for wood chips consumers (such as local heat networks), panel/paper industries. More and more farmers decide to act as heat providers rather than just chopped wood suppliers. The Biomass Association of Upper Austria (Biomasseverband Oberoesterreich) actively supports people that build and want to operate such local heat networks. […]

Commercialization of Miscanthus

The diversity of elephant grass also reflects, first of all, the almost unlimited opportunities to commercialize miscanthus. Every gardener knows about bark mulch. Some of them like it, some of them just cannot stand its smell. In this case, miscanthus is a favorable, domestic, and, as a bonus, very attractive substitution for conventional bark mulch. […]


Conclusion: In our view, Sida has an enormous potential due to its applicability in drier locations, on the one hand, and due to its relatively simple harvesting and usage, on the other hand, and represents another interesting option for the future, not the least because of diversification for extensive energy plants (keyword: Monocultures).

Conclusion on Planting Fast-Rotation Plants (FRP)

The times where fast-rotation areas were considered as exotic crops of strongly experimental nature are definitely over. Great increments of cultivated areas in Austria and Germany, but also in South Europe, demonstrate that energy woods will play a significant role in future biomass providing. For a farmer this may mean, on the one hand, independence […]

Cultivation areas for Paulownia

Suitable areas for cultivating paulownia can be found in Europe in mild, low-lying locations, wine regions or Mediterranean areas. Rainfall from 550-650 mm are necessary for this plant, especially during growth. In planting, the paulownia roots into even deeper soil levels and, thus, it is well prepared for longer dry periods. Locations with late frosts […]

Cultivation of Energy Trees

Late in March to at latest mid-May (highlands) Set/plant saplings (about 20 cm), rods (1-2 m) or one-year-old rooted cuttings (1-2 m), 20-max. 50 cm into the soil and press well down Plantation spacing as a single row (1,500-8,000 pcs) or in two rows (40-80 in each row), a passage (2.5-3 m, about 13,000 pcs/ha) […]

Energy Plants Success Factors

Key words would be: Location, a good choice of clones regarding climate and soil, due care in the year of planting, planting distances, quality of saplings, availability of water (first of all, during vegetation period), soil quality, verage annual temperature, weed abundance, diseases and damages caused by game. back to the overview page

Energy Wood Care, Plant Protection

In the year of planting, saplings must be held as protected against weeds as possible. We recommend mechanical or chemical weed control. Starting from the 2nd year till the end of usage period, no more processing is necessary. However, we still recommend controlling the field for possible insects, diseases or weeds. As for now, only […]

© - Reinhard Sperr (2008 – 2017)